National support schemes in Europe now make it easier and more affordable for consumers to replace old fossil-fuel-based appliances (or outdated ones running on biomass) with modern pellet boilers and stoves. This article provides an overview of the available support in different European countries.
All states with active support schemes are indicated in green on the map below. Please scroll down to the country of your interest for more information.
Note: This article might not include complete information about all types of available support. The information was also last updated in July 2022, therefore, some of the support schemes might be no longer active.
„RAUS AUS ÖL UND GAS“ UND SANIERUNGSOFFENSIVE 2021/2022
Subsidies for the replacement of appliances using fossil fuels with pellet boilers are available in Austria. The ministry of climate offers to cover up to 7500 € of the cost of a domestic pellet boiler. Additional subsidies ranging from 2000 € to 5000 € are provided by the provincial governments.
More information: https://www.umweltfoerderung.at/privatpersonen/raus-aus-oel.html
Grants are available in Wallonia for households wanting to install a biomass boiler or stove. The grant amount varies from 1000 € to 6000 € for pellet boilers and from 250 € to 1500 € for pellet stoves depending on the total income of the household. Eligible technologies are subject to performance and emissions conditions.
The main objective of the project LifeIP CleanAir is to improve the air quality in the municipalities of Sofia, Burgas, Ruse, Stara Zagora, Veliko Tarnovo and Montana. The municipalities cover the full cost for the replacement of an old coal/wood appliance with a pellet or gas boiler.
More information: https://lifeipcleanair.eu/
Renovation of family houses program
Owners of family houses can apply for support for the installation of a pellet boiler. The grant varies between 40%, 60% and 80% of the cost and depends on the location of the house.
More information: https://www.fzoeu.hr/hr/energetska-obnova-obiteljskih-kuca-7679/7679
New Green Savings subsidy program
Subsidies for the replacement of old non-ecological boilers of the 1st and 2nd classes are available in Czechia. Households with lower incomes receive up to 95% subsidy for replacing an old boiler, while the other households also have the opportunity for a subsidy of up to 50%.
More information: https://www.sfzp.cz/dotace-a-pujcky/kotlikove-dotace/
Owners of detached houses could be granted a state subsidy to replace their oil heating system with other forms of heating. The amount of the grant is 4000 € when switching from oil heating to district heating, geothermal heat pump or air-to-water heat pump or 2500 € when switching to other heating systems.
More information: https://www.ely-keskus.fi/
Ma Prime Renov
The grant "Ma Prime Renov" is the main available grant to households in regard to building renovations and covers various heating solutions. The amount of support is fixed and calculated based on the type of heating installation and the household income.
Bundesamt für Wirtschaft und Ausfuhrkontrolle (BAFA)
Investment support (BAFA) is given for heat produced in existing buildings. The eligible technologies include pellet boilers and pellet stoves with a water chamber. The basic support for a pellet boiler starts from 2000 € and for a pellet boiler - from 3000 €.
More information: https://www.bafa.de/DE/Home/home_node.html
Grants for the installation of pellet appliances are available to households with low incomes.
More information: https://exoikonomo2021.gov.gr/
Conto Termico, Ecobonus, Bonus Casa, Superbonus 110%
The initiatives Ecobonus, Bonus Casa and Superbonus 110% provide for a tax deduction of 50% or 110% respectively for new installation of biomass boiler/stove. Households can also apply for up to 5000 € financial support when replacing their outdated heating system with a new biomass heating system as part of the Conto Termico support scheme.
More information: https://www.gse.it/servizi-per-te/efficienza-energetica/conto-termico
State support is available to households for the purchase and installation of new equipment using renewable energy sources (RES) such as pellet boilers. Depending on the equipment, the grant can be up to 15000 €.
The energy efficiency program for private houses is another opportunity for government support. Households can receive reimbursement of 1000 € for technical assistance and up to 5000 € for the purchase of pellet appliances.
Project for replacement of inefficient boilers
The local project encourages households to replace inefficient biomass-based individual boilers with more efficient technologies such as pellet boilers matching Class 5 according to the Lithuanian standard LST EN 303-5:2012. Eligible costs are not calculated on the basis of the costs actually incurred by the individual for the purchase of the equipment, but on the basis of the fixed rate for the replacement of boilers in households. The fixed amount (in €) is multiplied by the biofuel boiler's rated (nominal) heating capacity (kW). The financial contribution of the individual project is 50% of the eligible costs.
More information: https://www.apva.lt/katilu-keitimas-namu-ukiuose-2/
The available grant depends on the installation capacity. For biomass boilers it starts from 2500 € (for 40kW or less than 40 kW) and adds 110 euro for each kW above 40 kW. For pellet stoves, it is calculated per kW (50 €) with the minimum grant being 500 €.
More information: https://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBR0035474/2018-11-01
Clean Air Program
The program provides subsidies by the government for the replacement of old heating solutions and for home renovation. The amount of the support depends on the income of household members and is divided into three categories: support of up to PLN 18 000 (but not more than 30% of the cost), up to PLN 16 000 (but not more than 60% of the cost), and up to PLN 6 000 (but not more than 60% of the cost).
More information: https://czystepowietrze.gov.pl/
Energy Efficient House program
Households can take advantage of support provided by the government for home renovation aiming at energy efficiency including the installation of pellet boilers. The grant could cover up to 60% of the costs.
More information: https://www.afm.ro/casa_eficienta_energetic.php
Green Households project
Within the project, households can receive a grant of up to 1500 € to replace their old boiler running on coal/heating oil with a pellet boiler.
The program provides subsidies for the purchase and installation of a new biomass boiler to replace an old heating appliance. The amount varies from 20% of the costs to 50% and 60% (but not more than 5000 €) when the new biomass boiler replaces old inefficient heating system.
RD 477/2021 Program
The support varies and depends on several factors. The maximum grant for pellet stoves can reach up to 50% of the cost and up to 25% when it comes to induvial pellet boilers.
More information: https://www.avebiom.org/asociados/ayudas/programa-incentivos-20220209
There is no specific support program in Sweden designed to help consumers switch to pellet appliances. However, every taxpayer can take advantage of a up to 30% reduction of the cost of the appliance installation (not covering the cost of the appliance itself).
The nationwide support program provide a subsidy that is calculated on the basis of the annual energy consumption and amounts to 18 centimes per kilowatt hour or 1.80 francs per litre of heating oil. This corresponds to 360 francs per kilowatt of heating capacity for a correctly dimensioned heating system with 2000 full load hours.
The subsidy in the form of a climate premium is based on the CO₂ savings and increases linearly with the savings potential. This is without a limit on the amount.
The United Kingdom
The Boiler Upgrade Scheme (BUS) supports the decarbonisation of heat in buildings. It provides an upfront capital grant to support the installation of a biomass boiler in homes and non-domestic buildings in England & Wales. Acting on behalf of property owners, installers can apply for £5000 off the cost and installation of a biomass boiler.